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August 27, 2018

Holy Hieromartyr Kuksha and Saint Pimen the Faster of the Kiev Caves

Sts. Kuksha and Pimen of the Caves (Feast Day - August 27)

The Hieromartyr Kuksha and Saint Pimen the Faster died after the year 1114. Saint Simon, Bishop of Vladimir and Suzdal (May 10), in a letter to Saint Polycarp, Archimandrite of the Kiev Caves (July 24), wrote of Saint Kuksha: “How can I worthily proclaim the glory of those saintly men dwelling in the holy Monastery of the Caves, in which pagans were baptized and became monks, and Jews accepted the holy faith? But I cannot keep silent about the holy hieromartyr and Black-Robed Kuksha of this monastery. Everyone knows that he cast out devils, baptized the Vyatichi, caused it to rain, dried up a lake, performed many other miracles, and after many torments was killed together with his disciple Nikon.” Impressed by his powers and rendered receptive by his preaching, the heathens began to convert and accept baptism. Priests of the Vyatichi, furious over the destruction of their idols, decapitated Kuksha and his disciple.

The death of the Hieromartyr Kuksha was revealed to Saint Pimen the Faster, his spiritual father. Standing in the church of the Monastery of the Caves, he loudly exclaimed, “Our brother Kuksha was killed at dawn.” After saying this, he also surrendered his soul to God.

The Vyatichi, among whom the Hieromartyr Kuksha preached and died, were pagans living along the River Oka, and they occupied the area of the Orlov and Kaluga districts. Saint Nestor the Chronicler, writing about the Vyatichi, was shocked by their brutal customs and he added that they live “only for the present day,” remaining unacquainted with the Law of God, and making their own law instead.

The Hieromartyr Kuksha preached to the Vyatichi during the era of Saint Theoctistus, Bishop of Chernigov (Aug. 5). He was buried, as was Saint Pimen the Faster, in the Near Caves.