Saturday, January 20, 2018

Saint Euthymios the Great (+ 473)

January 20

Saint Euthymios, Abbot

By Rev. Alban Butler (1711–73)

From his life, faithfully written forty years after his death, by Cyril of Scythopolis, a monk of his monastery, one of the best writers of antiquity, and author of the life of Saint Savvas.

The birth of this saint was the fruit of the prayers of his pious parents, through the intercession of the martyr Polyeuktos. His father was a noble and wealthy citizen of Melitene in Armenia. Euthymios was educated in sacred learning, and in the fervent practice of prayer, silence, humility and mortification, under the care of the holy bishop of that city, who ordained him priest, and constituted him his vicar and general overseer of the monasteries. The saint often visited that of Saint Polyeuktos, and spent whole nights in prayer on a neighboring mountain; as he also did all the time from the octave of the Epiphany till towards the end of Lent. The love of solitude daily growing stronger in his breast, he secretly left his own country, at twenty-nine years of age; and, after offering up his prayers at the holy places in Jerusalem, chose a cell six miles from that city, near the Lavra of Pharan. He made baskets, and procured, by selling them, both his own subsistence and alms for the poor. Constant prayer was the employment of his soul. After five years, he retired with one Theoktistos, a holy hermit, ten miles further towards Jericho, where they lived together on raw herbs in a cave. In this place he began to receive disciples about the year 411. He committed the care of his monastery to Theoktistuos, and continued himself in a remote hermitage, only giving audience on Saturdays and Sundays to those who desired spiritual advice. He taught all his monks never to eat so much as to satisfy their hunger, but strictly forbade among them all singularity in fasts or any other common observances, as savoring of vanity and self-will. According to his example, they all retired into the deserts, from the octave of the feast of the Epiphany till the week before Easter, when they met again in their monastery, to celebrate the office peculiar to Holy Week. He enjoined them constant silence and manual labors: they gained their own subsistence, and a surplus, which they devoted as first-fruits to God in the relief of the poor.

Saint Euthymius, Patriarch of Tаrnovo (+ c. 1404)

St. Euthymius of Tarnovo (Feast Day - January 20)

A member of the boyar family of the Tsamblaks, Euthymius (Evtimiy) was born about 1325 in Tаrnovo. He received his education at the monastery schools in the vicinity of Tаrnovo. In 1350, he became a monk and entered the Kilifarevo Monastery that was founded by Patriarch Theodosius of Turnovo. After Theodosius appointed him his assistant, they traveled in 1363 to Constantinople and spent some time at the Studion Monastery, known for its center of learning and rich library. There, Euthymius became well-known among the educated clergy of the area as he was influenced by many outstanding thinkers, scholars, and reformers of the spiritual life and beliefs in southeastern Europe. However, soon after their arrival Theodosius died. Euthymius then joined the Great Lavra of Athanasius the Anchorite on Mount Athos.

Leo Tolstoy on the Mystery Behind the Identity of Saint Feodor of Tomsk

In the autumn of 1825 Tsar Alexander I traveled south to winter in the town of Taganrog. Within months news reached Saint Petersburg of his death from malaria. Almost instantly rumors began to spread as to what had really happened to the tsar. Within the royal family, stories abounded, even into the twentieth century and beyond the Russian Revolution. Rumors have long suggested that Alexander I staged his death in 1825 and became the holy man Feodor Kuzmich, also known as Feodor of Tomsk. A theory was that he wanted forgiveness for any role he may have played in the assassination of his father Pavel I in 1801, or in benefiting from the work of others in slaying the tsar. It was known that Alexander had considered abdicating the throne to become a hermit. When a soldier with a striking resemblance to the Emperor died after running the gauntlet, it was supposed that his body had been substituted for the Tsar’s. The facts of the case have never been determined.

Saint Ekvtime the Confessor (+ 1944)

By Archpriest Zakaria Machitadze

Abbot Euthymius Kereselidze was born in 1865 in the village of Sadmeli (Racha region) to the pious Solomon and Marta Kereselidze. At birth he was given the name Evstate. After completing his studies at the local parish school, fifteen-year-old Evstate traveled first to Kutaisi, then Tbilisi, in search of work. With the help of other pious young men Evstate founded a kind of theological “book club” in Tbilisi. The objectives of the organization were to strengthen the Orthodox Faith among the Georgian people, to better understand the ancient school of Georgian chant, and to spread knowledge of this venerable musical tradition among the general public.

Saints and Feasts of January 20

Your life ceased on the twentieth well-bearded Euthymios.

Venerable Euthymios the Great

Saint Euthymios the Great Resource Page

Holy Martyrs Bassus, Eusebius, Eutyches and Basilide

Holy Martyrs Bassus, Eusebius, Eutyches and Basilides the Roman Senators

Holy Martyrs Inna, Pinna and Rimma

Holy Martyrs Inna, Pinna and Rimma

Blessed Peter the Tax Collector

The Beneficial Tale of St. Peter the Tax Collector

Saint Peter the Merciful

Pious Emperor Leo the Great, 
also called Makellis and the Thracian

Saint Leo the Great, also called "Makellis" and "the Thracian", Emperor of the Romans (+ 474)

Saint Euthymius, Patriarch of Tаrnovo

Saint Euthymius, Patriarch of Tаrnovo (+ c. 1404)

Holy New Martyr Zacharias of Old Patras

Holy New Martyr Zacharias of Patras (+ 1782)

Saint Theodore of Tomsk

Was Saint Feodor of Tomsk Really Emperor Alexander I?

Leo Tolstoy on the Mystery Behind the Identity of Saint Feodor of Tomsk

Saint Ekvtime the Confessor

Saint Ekvtime the Confessor (+ 1944)

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