This website no longer will have new content uploaded daily. The site has now moved to .

Monday, January 31, 2011

Saint Nikitas of the Kiev Caves, Bishop of Novgorod (+ 1108)

St. Nikitas (Nicetas) of the Kiev Caves (Feast Day - January 31 and April 30)

"Those whose life is passed in small and modest efforts become free of dangers and have no need of special precautions. By always conquering desires they readily find the way leading to God." - St. Anthony the Great

"Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light." (II Cor. 11:14)

In this age of widespread spiritual indifference, a soul zealous to ascend the ladder of perfection is indeed worthy of praise. Zeal, however, must be accompanied by a profound sobriety and humility, else the soul - instead of rising to heavenly heights - will fall into a pit of vainglory, for the cunning enemy of our salvation is able to use our strengths, as well as our weaknesses, in trying to bring us to perdition. The lives of two monks, Isaac (Feb. 14) and Nikita, from the early history of the Kiev Caves Lavra, are often cited as examples of the spiritual deception which can blind a soul whose zeal lacks the safeguards of sobriety and humility.

St. Nikita was tonsured in the Kiev Caves Lavra. Very early in his monastic life he secluded himself in a cave. His decision to become a recluse was based on inexperience and was contrary to the will of the saintly abbot Nikon who refused to bless such an undertaking:

"My son! at your age such a life will not benefit you. You would do much better to remain with the brethren. In laboring together with them you will surely gain your reward. You yourself saw how our brother Isaac was seduced by the demons in his seclusion and would have perished had he not been saved by the grace of God through the prayers of our holy fathers Anthony and Theodosius."

"Never, my father," replied Nikita, "will I be deceived. I am resolved firmly to withstand the demonic temptations, and I shall pray to the man-loving God that He grant me the gift of working miracles as He did to the recluse Isaac who, to this day, continues to perform many miracles through his prayers."

"Your desire exceeds your powers. Take heed, my son, that you do not fall on account of your high-mindedness. I would enjoin you rather to serve the brethren, and God will crown you for your obedience."

The abbot's wise counsel could not tame Nikita's ambitious desire to be a recluse. The monastery's elders, however, did not forsake the headstrong novice in his foolishness; they continued to keep an eye on him and to pray for him.

It was not long before the recluse's cave became filled with a sweet fragrance and he heard a voice joining his in prayer. He reasoned to himself: If this were not an angel, he would not be praying with me, nor would I sense the fragrance of the Holy Spirit. The undiscerning recluse began to pray still more fervently: "Lord," he cried out, "appear to me that I might see Thee face to face!" The voice answered: "I shall send you an angel. Follow his will in everything you do."

Presently a demon appeared in the guise of an angel. First he told the novice to stop praying, that he himself would pray and that the recluse was to occupy himself with reading the Old Testament, and the Old Testament alone. The unfortunate novice was obedient to the demon: he stopped praying, falsely reassured by the constant presence of the "angel" praying at his side. The Old Testament he learned by heart.

The demon began telling Nikita all that was going on in the world, and on this basis the recluse began to prophesy. Laymen would come to his cave to listen to him. The monastery elders, however, noticed that the recluse never cited the New Testament, only the Old, and they understood that he had fallen into a state of prelest (spiritual deception). They broke into the cave, chased out the demon by their prayers, and dragged the recluse from his place of seclusion.

No sooner was Nikita parted from the demon than he forgot all he had learned of the Old Testament; he was convinced that he had never read it. Indeed, it appeared that he had even forgotten how to read, and when he came round he had to be taught all over again, like a child.

Nikita understood his error and wept bitterly in repentance. He began to struggle on the true path of humility and obedience. And the Lord, seeing his fervor, forgave him, in token of which He made Nikita a shepherd of His rational flock. Elevated in 1096 to the episcopal throne of Great Novgorod, Nikita was granted grace to work miracles. The Lord thereby assured the faithful that their archpastor had been fully cleansed of his delusion and that his labors of repentance had found favor with God. Once, for example, during a severe drought, God answered his prayer for rain; another time, a fire in the city was extinguished by his prayers. For thirteen years St. Nikita skillfully guided his flock before leaving this world on January 30, 1108 to enter into eternal and blessed repose with the saints.

St. Nikita was buried in Novgorod's St. Sophia's Cathedral which was frescoed according to plans he had designed. In 1551 the earthly remains of the holy hierarch were discovered to be incorrupt and he was officially canonized. On the eve of his glorification, a priest saw the Bishop in a dream: he was vested and censing the holy icons. When his coffin was opened, everyone was struck by the light which emanated from his face. Today his relics - encased in a large, intricately carved reliquary - are located in the church of the Holy Apostle Philip, the only church in Novgorod which remains open for worship.

St. Nikita had no beard and so he is depicted on his icons.

Source: Based on a translation from 1000 Years of Russian Sanctity compiled by Nun Taisia; Jordanville, 1983.


By St. Nikolai Velimirovich

Nikitas, to the Creator, prayed,
That the Creator make him worthy,
That he, the Creator, may be able to see.
"Appear to me, O God, O God!"

O Nikitas, sin is pursuing you,
That this, from God, you implore!
Make yourself worthy and you will see
The All-eternal One in eternity.

The Immortal God does not allow
That mortal eye upon Him gaze;
Even to the celestial world, it is frightful
To gaze at the Almighty.

To us is given this life,
That, by it, to prepare ourselves,
That worthy, only after death
To gaze upon the eternal light.

But, Nikitas asks and prays,
That the Creator make him worthy,
That he, the Creator, may be able to see:
"Appear to me, O God Most High."

Then, to him the devil appeared:
"Bow down before me!" said he,
And Nikitas, the faster, the better,
Before him, on his knees he knelt!

For he thought it was an angel:
It was the devil all in glow,
With the glow of falsehood,
Filled Nikita's entire cell.

O, my brother, God, do not tempt;
This age is the age of preparation;
In this age is faith;

In that age however, is vision;
First the battle, then the victory;
First the pain, then satisfaction;
All occurs in its own time.

Apolytikion in the Fourth Tone
As one who delighted in abstinence, and bridled the desire of the flesh, thou didst sit on the episcopal throne; and as a star thou didst enlighten the hearts of the faithful, by thy radiant miracles. O Father and Hierarch Nicetas, entreat Christ our God to save our souls.

Kontakion in Plagal of the Second Tone
Thou wast honoured with the office of Archbishop, and didst stand before God Most Pure in purity, and quench the flames of the city. Now, O Hierarch Nicetas, entreat Christ our God, that all Orthodox Christians making supplication may be saved, that all may cry to thee: Rejoice, O Hierarch Nicetas .

Become a Patreon supporter:

To read more about supporting the ministry of the Mystagogy Resource Center, either as a monthly supporter or an annual supporter, please visit the DONATE page.

Thank you!